Quebec is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec and is located within the Capitale-Nationale region. It is the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal. The city is a major cultural centre of the French-speaking world, as well as an important tourist destination. Various festivals are held annually including the Summer Festival, and Winter Carnival. The city's most famous landmark is the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline. Quebec City is one of the oldest European settlements in North America. While many of the major cities in Mexico date from the sixteenth century, among cities in Canada and the U.S.A. Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat on July 3, 1608. Quebec City is located in the Saint Lawrence River valley, on the north bank of the Saint Lawrence River near its meeting with the St. Charles River. The region is low-lying and flat. The river valley has rich, arable soil.
Quebec City lies at the confluence of several climatic regions. Usually, the climate is classified as humid continental. Quebec City experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are warm, with periods of hotter and humid weather with average high temperatures of 22 - 25 °C and lows of 11 - 13 °C. Winters are often cold, windy and snowy with average high temperatures -5 to -8 °C and lows -13 to -18 °C. According to the 2006 census, there were 491,142 people residing in Quebec City