Villasimius is province of Cagliari in the South of Sardinia. Dur to its strategically important site, Villasimius' territory was inhabited since prehistoric times.
During the giudicati (Sardinian kingdoms), Aragonese and Spanish dominations, the territory suffered numerous pirate raids, and became increasingly depopulated. The village name was, at least from the 13th century, Carbonara; this was repopulated from the early 19th century, when it was under the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont, becoming a comune in 1838. Villasimius' economy was traditionally based on agriculture and shepherding and, from 1875, to the extraction of granite. Tourism began to grow of importance from the 1960s, and is now Villasimius main economical activity.